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Diversity in Nationalism

We use the word 'Nationalism' in a generic way and for describing a way of viewing nations and states. There are different kinds of nationalism which differ considerably with respect to how they view nations, or states. Ethnic nationalism is one kind; civic nationalism is another. This terminology is used in the serious literature on this topic. In daily use, the word 'nationalism' is often used for chauvinism or national supremacism, that is, for a view where one's own nation is considered to be superior to all others. For us, this is merely one kind of nationalism, and it is of course a variety that we differ from completely.

Civic nationalism is a view where a nation is defined by its system of governance, for example, by its constitution. The United States and France are often mentioned as countries where civic nationalism dominates. Seen as nations, the USA is characterized by its constitution, and France by its republican system of governance. Every citizen that commits to the nation's system of governance is considered as a full member of the nation.

We use 'diversity in nationalism' as a term for an amendment of civic nationalism, where the nation is defined not only by the system of governance, but also by the society-founding values. Every citizen that both commits to the system of governance and participates in the nation's value community shall be considered as a full member of the nation. (Please see the tab for 'value community' for an explanation of what we mean by this woNär vi talar om mångfaldsnationalism vill vi också gärna lägga till ett historiskt perspektiv. Inom etnisk nationalism är det vanligt att man ser nationen som en förbindelselänk med tidigare generationer, det vill säga med ens egna förfäder. Vi väljer bort det synsättet och ser istället nationen som en länk med de personer som levt i landet under tidigare sekler, oberoende av om vi är förknippade med härkomst eller inte. Vi har en relation till dem genom en gemensam historia och genom att statsskick och värderingar har förändrats gradvis och på ett kontinuerligt sätt. I och med detta synsätt blir det också självklart att nyanlända medborgare ska kunna se tidigare generationer i landet som sina 'föregångare' om än inte 'förfäder'. rd).

This means that we consider 'the nation' as only approximately the same as 'the citizens' or 'the population': there may be persons that do not at all share the commitment to the system of governance or the society-founding values; these will then not be included in the nation, although they may be citizens. This would apply for fascists, who consider that the country should be led autocratically a 'strong man', and it would apply for islamists who consider that sharía should be the law of the country. However, every citizen must be free to decide whether he or she wishes to consider themselves to be a member of the nation, or not.

This view is further developed in the full articles that are listed on the pages for 'basic theses' and 'basic values'.

A historical perspective

In the context of diversity in nationalism, we also like to add a diachronic perspective. In the context of ethnic nationalism it is common the see the nation as the link to earlier generations in the sense of the parents, grandparents, and so on many generations back. For diversity in nationalism it is natural to reject this view, and instead to consider the 'earlier generations' as consisting of those persons that have populated the country and the nation during earlier centuries, regardless of any connection by 'blood'. We have a strong När vi talar om mångfaldsnationalism vill vi också gärna lägga till ett historiskt perspektiv. Inom etnisk nationalism är det vanligt att man ser nationen som en förbindelselänk med tidigare generationer, det vill säga med ens egna förfäder. Vi väljer bort det synsättet och ser istället nationen som en länk med de personer som levt i landet under tidigare sekler, oberoende av om vi är förknippade med härkomst eller inte. Vi har en relation till dem genom en gemensam historia och genom att statsskick och värderingar har förändrats gradvis och på ett kontinuerligt sätt. I och med detta synsätt blir det också självklart att nyanlända medborgare ska kunna se tidigare generationer i landet som sina 'föregångare' om än inte 'förfäder'. relation to them in terms of the common national history, and because the system of governance and the society-founding values have evolved gradually over time. With this view, it is also natural that arriving new citizens shall be able to see earlier generations in the country as their 'predecessor' although not their 'forefathers'.